Philmont requires the use of backpacking stoves. The Tooth of Time Traders has a large selection of stoves for every crew size and need. Philmont recommends one stove per four persons. Each crew should have a minimum of two stoves. This allows the crew to cook two items at the same time, and also gives the crew a backup if a stove fails.
Types of Stoves
There are two main types of stoves for backpacking.
Liquid Fuel Stoves: Liquid fuel stoves are the standard for backcountry camp stoves. They are durable, heavy and work well at high altitudes and low temperatures. The advantage of liquid fuels is they have a good heat/weight ratio. They work better for large groups. Philmont recommends this style of stove over all others. More Information on Liquid Fuel Stoves.
Canister Fuel Stoves: Canister fuel stoves tend to burn clean but use fuel stored in non-refillable metal canisters. They can be easily adjusted from a simmer to a roaring fire. High altitude is not an issue, but they may not work below freezing temperatures. More Information on Canister Fuel Stoves
How much fuel should you bring?
This will vary depending on the fuel used, wind, temperature, altitude, type of stove, cooking times, and individual cooking habits. When deciding how much fuel to bring it's important to think about your crew mates. Does anyone in your crew like coffee in the morning? If so, how many? How efficient you are when cooking meals will also play a role in fuel consumption. Whether your crew prefers to cook each component of your meal separately, or prefer to dump everything into one pot will affect how much fuel you go through on a given day.
Once you've narrowed down your choice of fuel, take a look at how much heat a stove generates by comparing how quick they boil water under 'ideal conditions.' A few minutes can make a difference when you're hungry. Next compare how long the stove can burn while at wide-open. Figuring out how long you'll run your camping stove, how many times a day, and for how many days will give you a rough approximation of how much fuel you'll use. It's always a good idea to have extra fuel especially in cooler weather or at altitude.
Where can I Resupply Fuel?
Philmont has both White Gas and Canister Style fuel available. Both types are available in base camp and in the backcountry trading posts. White gas is available at more locations in the backcountry. More Information on resupply location.
Backpacking stoves must be used with adult supervision and should never be used in or near tents because of excessive fire danger. Bottles designed for fuel (available in the Philmont trading post) should be used to carry fuel. For safety, fuel may be purchased at Philmont rather than carrying it from home. Check the gasket of your fuel bottles to make sure they will not leak. A small funnel is needed for easy transfer of liquid fuels.
Interview with MSR about Stoves at Philmont.